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Development of a tool for coding safety-netting behaviours in primary care: a mixed-methods study using existing UK consultation recordings

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Original languageEnglish
Article numbere869-e877
Number of pages9
JournalBritish Journal of General Practice
Volume69
Issue number689
Early online date18 Nov 2019
DOIs
DateAccepted/In press - 2 Jul 2019
DateE-pub ahead of print - 18 Nov 2019
DatePublished (current) - 1 Dec 2019

Abstract

Background Safety netting is recommended in a variety of clinical settings, yet there are no tools to record clinician safety-netting communication behaviours.

Aim To develop and assess the inter-rater reliability (IRR) of a coding tool designed to assess safety-netting communication behaviours in primary care consultations.

Design and setting A mixed-methods study using an existing dataset of video-and audio-recorded UK primary care consultations.

Method Key components that should be assessed in a coding tool were identified using the published literature and relevant guidelines. An iterative approach was utilised to continuously refine and generate new codes based on the application to real-life consultations. After the codebook had been generated, it was applied to 35 problems in 24 consultations independently by two coders. IRR scores were then calculated.

Results The tool allows for the identification and quantification of the key elements of safety-netting advice including: who initiates the advice and at which stage of the consultation; the number of symptoms or conditions the patient is advised to look out for; what action patients should take and how urgently; as well as capturing how patients respond to such advice plus important contextual codes such as the communication of diagnostic uncertainty, the expected time course of an illness, and any follow-up plans. The final tool had substantial levels of IRR with the mean average agreement for the final tool being 88% (κ = 0.66).

Conclusion The authors have developed a novel tool that can reliably code the extent of clinician safety-netting communication behaviours.

    Research areas

  • Primary Health Care, Patient Safety, Video Recording, Reproducibility of Results, Health Communication, Clinical Coding

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    Rights statement: This is the final published version of the article (version of record). It first appeared online via Royal College of General Practitioners at https://doi.org/10.3399/bjgp19X706589 . Please refer to any applicable terms of use of the publisher.

    Final published version, 105 KB, PDF document

    Licence: CC BY

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