Diagnostic difficulties with central nervous system actinomycosis

Michele Bellesi, Paolo Di Bella, Leandro Provinciali

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle (Academic Journal)peer-review


When faced with expanding brain lesions of unknown origin showing a ring-shaped enhancement on post-contrast imaging, we use definite criteria to direct further investigation and distinguish among a number of possible diagnostic hypotheses. However, a correct diagnosis may be difficult in some cases, especially when dealing with less frequent conditions. This is the case of actinomycosis, a highly treatable but insidious infection for which nowadays there may be a low level of attention. Brain localization is associated with a significant morbidity and may represent a true diagnostic pitfall. Here we report the difficulties encountered with a case of central nervous system actinomycosis.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)945-7
Number of pages3
JournalNeurological Sciences
Issue number5
Publication statusPublished - Oct 2011


  • Actinomycosis/diagnosis
  • Aged
  • Brain Abscess/diagnosis
  • Humans
  • Male

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