Dielectric monitoring of carbon nanotube network formation in curing thermosetting nanocomposites

A. Battisti, A. A. Skordos, I. K. Partridge

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle (Academic Journal)peer-review

15 Citations (Scopus)


This paper focuses on monitoring of carbon nanotube (CNT) network development during the cure of unsaturated polyester nanocomposites by means of electrical impedance spectroscopy. A phenomenological model of the dielectric response is developed using equivalent circuit analysis. The model comprises two parallel RC elements connected in series, each of them giving rise to a semicircular arc in impedance complex plane plots. An established inverse modelling methodology is utilized for the estimation of the parameters of the corresponding equivalent circuit. This allows a quantification of the evolution of two separate processes corresponding to the two parallel RC elements. The high frequency process, which is attributed to CNT aggregates, shows a monotonic decrease in characteristic time during the cure. In contrast, the low frequency process, which corresponds to inter-aggregate phenomena, shows a more complex behaviour explained by the interplay between conductive network development and the cross-linking of the polymer.

Original languageEnglish
Article number155402
Pages (from-to)-
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Physics D: Applied Physics
Issue number15
Publication statusPublished - 7 Aug 2009


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