Diet quality, added sugar, and dietary fiber intakes in American preschoolers

Sibylle Kranz, Helen Smiciklas-Wright, Lori A Francis

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle (Academic Journal)

33 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

PURPOSE: The purpose of this cross-sectional study was to examine the relationship between meeting the intake recommendations for added sugar (AS) and dietary fiber and overall diet quality in American preschoolers from different ethnic backgrounds.

METHODS: Data from a nationally representative sample of preschoolers participating in the Continuing Survey of Food Intake by Individuals (CSFII) 1994-1996, and 1998 (n=5,437) were categorized into 3 groups: (1) meeting the recommendation for AS intake (< or = 10% of energy) and dietary fiber (14 g and 20 g in 2- to 3-year-olds and 4- to 5-year-olds, respectively; n=236); (2) meeting only 1 recommendation (n=1,502); and (3) meeting neither (n=3,699). Dietary AS and dietary fiber sources were ascertained. Mean energy intake, nutrient intake, and food group density were established within each category, and student's t test was employed to determine significant differences. Nutrient and food group density was also examined stratified by 4 distinct ethnic groups.

RESULTS: Children meeting both recommendations had better diet quality but also higher energy intakes than children meeting only 1 or neither recommendation.

CONCLUSION: Most American preschoolers do not meet the dietary intake recommendations for AS and dietary fiber. Health professionals should work together to increase dietary fiber density and reduction of added sugar in the diets of preschoolers to improve diet quality and oral health.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)164-71; discussion 192-8
JournalPediatric Dentistry
Volume28
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 20 May 2006

Keywords

  • African Continental Ancestry Group
  • Child Nutritional Physiological Phenomena
  • Child, Preschool
  • Cross-Sectional Studies
  • Diet
  • Dietary Carbohydrates
  • Dietary Fats
  • Dietary Fiber
  • Dietary Proteins
  • Energy Intake
  • Ethnic Groups
  • European Continental Ancestry Group
  • Female
  • Hispanic Americans
  • Humans
  • Income
  • Male
  • Nutrition Policy
  • Nutritive Value
  • United States

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