Dietary patterns in the Avon Longitudinal Study of Parents and Children

Pauline M Emmett, Louise R Jones, Kate Northstone

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle (Academic Journal)peer-review

44 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Publications from the Avon Longitudinal Study of Parents and Children that used empirically derived dietary patterns were reviewed. The relationships of dietary patterns with socioeconomic background and childhood development were examined. Diet was assessed using food frequency questionnaires and food records. Three statistical methods were used: principal components analysis, cluster analysis, and reduced rank regression. Throughout childhood, children and parents have similar dietary patterns. The "health-conscious" and "traditional" patterns were associated with high intakes of fruits and/or vegetables and better nutrient profiles than the "processed" patterns. There was evidence of tracking in childhood diet, with the "health-conscious" patterns tracking most strongly, followed by the "processed" pattern. An "energy-dense, low-fiber, high-fat" dietary pattern was extracted using reduced rank regression; high scores on this pattern were associated with increasing adiposity. Maternal education was a strong determinant of pattern score or cluster membership; low educational attainment was associated with higher scores on processed, energy-dense patterns in both parents and children. The Avon Longitudinal Study of Parents and Children has provided unique insights into the value of empirically derived dietary patterns and has demonstrated that they are a useful tool in nutritional epidemiology.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)207-30
Number of pages24
JournalNutrition Research Reviews
Volume73 Suppl 3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Oct 2015

Keywords

  • Adiposity
  • Adolescent
  • Adult
  • Child
  • Child Development
  • Child Nutritional Physiological Phenomena
  • Child, Preschool
  • Diet
  • Diet Records
  • Diet Surveys
  • Diet, High-Fat
  • Dietary Fiber
  • Educational Status
  • Energy Intake
  • England
  • Food Habits
  • Food Handling
  • Fruit
  • Humans
  • Longitudinal Studies
  • Parents
  • Principal Component Analysis
  • Socioeconomic Factors
  • Surveys and Questionnaires
  • Vegetables

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