BackgroundThere is lack of data in Greece on the trends in energy and nutrient intake. The present study aimed to examine differences in these parameters among first-grade children of Crete, Greece, between 1992/93 and 2006/07.
MethodsChildren (aged 5.7-7.6years) from two-representative cross-sectional samples participated during 1992/93 (n=245) and 2006/07 (n=257). Nutrient and food intakes were assessed using estimated 3-day-food records. Nutrient intakes were estimated as amounts per 4185 kJ (1000kcal) of energy intake (EI), whereas macronutrients were estimated as percentage of total EI.
ResultsBetween 1992/93 and 2006/07, respectively, significant increases (P120% of the recommended energy allowance).
ConclusionsThe intake of several macronutrients (protein, TTFA, total and saturated fat) in this sample of children did not meet the recommended intakes in either time period.
- dairy products
- energy intake
- food intake
- nutrient intake
- secular trends
- SECULAR TRENDS
- EATING PATTERNS
- FOOD CHOICES