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Whilst prior works have characterised the affordances of prototyping methods in terms of generating knowledge about a product or process, the types, or ‘dimensions’ of knowledge towards which they contribute are not fully understood. In this paper we adapt the concept of ‘design domains’ as a method to interpret, and better understand the contributions of different prototyping methods to design knowledge in new product development. We first synthesise a set of ten dimensions for design knowledge from a review of literature in design-related fields. A study was then conducted in which participants from engineering backgrounds completed a Likert-type questionnaire to quantify the perceived contributions to design knowledge of 90 common prototyping methods against each dimension. We statistically analyse results to identify patterns in the knowledge contribution of different methods. Results reveal that methods exhibit significantly different contribution profiles, suggesting different methods to be suited to different knowledge. Thus, this paper indicates potential for new methods, methodology and processes to leverage such characterisations for better selection and sequencing of methods in the prototyping process.
|Pages (from-to)||1303 - 1312|
|Number of pages||10|
|Journal||Proceedings of the Design Society|
|Publication status||Published - 27 Jul 2021|
|Event||ICED21 - 23rd International Conference on Engineering Design - Chalmers University of Technology, Gothenburg, Sweden|
Duration: 16 Aug 2022 → 20 Aug 2025
- design cognition
- design practice
- new product development
- design learning
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