Direct observation of orbital hybridisation in a cuprate superconductor

C. E. Matt*, D. Sutter, A. M. Cook, Y. Sassa, M. Månsson, O. Tjernberg, L. Das, M. Horio, D. Destraz, C. G. Fatuzzo, K. Hauser, M. Shi, M. Kobayashi, V. N. Strocov, T. Schmitt, P. Dudin, M. Hoesch, S. Pyon, T. Takayama, H. TakagiO. J. Lipscombe, S. M. Hayden, T. Kurosawa, N. Momono, M. Oda, T. Neupert, J. Chang

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle (Academic Journal)peer-review

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The minimal ingredients to explain the essential physics of layered copper-oxide (cuprates) materials remains heavily debated. Effective low-energy single-band models of the copper–oxygen orbitals are widely used because there exists no strong experimental evidence supporting multi-band structures. Here, we report angle-resolved photoelectron spectroscopy experiments on La-based cuprates that provide direct observation of a two-band structure. This electronic structure, qualitatively consistent with density functional theory, is parametrised by a two-orbital ( and ) tight-binding model. We quantify the orbital hybridisation which provides an explanation for the Fermi surface topology and the proximity of the van-Hove singularity to the Fermi level. Our analysis leads to a unification of electronic hopping parameters for single-layer cuprates and we conclude that hybridisation, restraining d-wave pairing, is an important optimisation element for superconductivity.

Original languageEnglish
Article number972
Number of pages7
JournalNature Communications
Publication statusPublished - 6 Mar 2018


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