A recently proposed biophysical model for directional hearing in grasshoppers was tested using complex stimulus situations, with two loudspeakers, one on either side of the animal, synchronously emitting sinusoids with defined phase and amplitude relationships, Hearing responses were determined from whole nerve recordings and compared with the predictions of the model. In Schistocerca gregaria, there were only minor differences between the predictions of the model and measurements and, by reducing the value of the gain of the internal sound path measured previously, a close agreement was achieved between model and measured hearing responses. In Chorthippus biguttulus, larger discrepancies between model calculations using the values measured previously and neuronal response functions were found in both shape and amplitude. A better fit between measurements and model predictions was achieved by increasing the values of the internal delay over those measured previously. The measurements presented here indicate high inter-individual variability of the parameters of the internal pathway, with a range of 60 degrees for the internal phase delay. Calculating the directional characteristics using this range of values for the internal delay indicated that sufficient directional information was available down to 5 kHz. Increasing the value of the internal delay over that measured in an earlier study therefore provides an explanation for the discrepancy between the poor directional information attributed to C. biguttulus in that study and the excellent lateralization ability of males of this species at 5 kHz.
|Translated title of the contribution||Directional hearing in grasshoppers: neurophysiological testing of a bioacoustic model|
|Pages (from-to)||121 - 133|
|Number of pages||13|
|Journal||Journal of Experimental Biology|
|Publication status||Published - 1999|