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Disease causing mutations in inverted formin 2 regulate its binding to G-actin, F-actin capping protein (CapZ α-1) and profilin 2

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Original languageEnglish
Article numbere00302
Number of pages11
JournalBioscience Reports
Issue number1
Early online date29 Feb 2016
DateAccepted/In press - 12 Jan 2016
DateE-pub ahead of print - 29 Feb 2016
DatePublished (current) - Feb 2016


Focal segmental glomerulosclerosis (FSGS) is a devastating form of nephrotic syndrome which ultimately leads to end stage renal failure (ESRF). Mutations in inverted formin 2 (INF2), a member of the formin family of actin-regulating proteins, have recently been associated with a familial cause of nephrotic syndrome characterized by FSGS. INF2 is a unique formin that can both polymerize and depolymerize actin filaments. How mutations in INF2 lead to disease is unknown. In the present study, we show that three mutations associated with FSGS, E184K, S186P and R218Q, reduce INF2 auto-inhibition and increase association with monomeric actin. Furthermore using a combination of GFP–INF2 expression in human podocytes and GFP-Trap purification coupled with MS we demonstrate that INF2 interacts with profilin 2 and the F-actin capping protein, CapZ α-1. These interactions are increased by the presence of the disease causing mutations. Since both these proteins are involved in the dynamic turnover and restructuring of the actin cytoskeleton these changes strengthen the evidence that aberrant regulation of actin dynamics underlies the pathogenesis of disease.

    Research areas

  • Amino Acid Substitution, CapZ Actin Capping Protein, Glomerulosclerosis, Focal Segmental, HEK293 Cells, Humans, Microfilament Proteins, Mutation, Missense, Nuclear Proteins, Profilins, Journal Article, Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

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    Rights statement: © 2016 Authors. This is an open access article published by Portland Press Limited and distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution Licence 3.0.

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    Licence: CC BY


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