Dissecting the genetic complexity of human 6p deletion syndromes by using a region-specific, phenotype-driven mouse screen

Deborah Bogani, Guido E Pieles, Catherine Willoughby, Jennifer Davies, Kulvinder Kaur, Ghazala Mirza, Anju Paudyal, Heather Haines, Richard McKeone, Matthew Cadman, Jürgen Schneider, Shoumo bhattacharya, Andrea Hardy, Patrick Nolan, Nikos Tripodis, Michael Depew, Ramya Chandrasekara, Gimara Duncan, Paul Sharpe, Andy GreenfieldPaul Denny, Steve D Brown, Jiannis Ragoussis, Ruth Arkell

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle (Academic Journal)

26 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Monosomy of the human chromosome 6p terminal region results in a variety of congenital malformations that include brain, craniofacial, and organogenesis abnormalities. To examine the genetic basis of these phenotypes, we have carried out an unbiased functional analysis of the syntenic region of the mouse genome (proximal Mmu13). A genetic screen for recessive mutations in this region recovered thirteen lines with phenotypes relevant to a variety of clinical conditions. These include two loci that cause holoprosencephaly, two that underlie anophthalmia, one of which also contributes to other craniofacial abnormalities such as microcephaly, agnathia, and palatogenesis defects, and one locus responsible for developmental heart and kidney defects. Analysis of heterozygous carriers of these mutations shows that a high proportion of these loci manifest with behavioral activity and sensorimotor deficits in the heterozygous state. This finding argues for the systematic, reciprocal phenotypic assessment of dominant and recessive mouse mutants. In addition to providing a resource of single gene mutants that model 6p-associated disorders, the work reveals unsuspected genetic complexity at this region. In particular, many of the phenotypes associated with 6p deletions can be elicited by mutation in one of a number of genes. This finding implies that phenotypes associated with contiguous gene deletion syndromes can result not only from dosage sensitivity of one gene in the region but also from the combined effect of monosomy for multiple genes that function within the same biological process.
Original languageEnglish
JournalProceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
Publication statusPublished - 2005

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    Bogani, D., Pieles, G. E., Willoughby, C., Davies, J., Kaur, K., Mirza, G., Paudyal, A., Haines, H., McKeone, R., Cadman, M., Schneider, J., bhattacharya, S., Hardy, A., Nolan, P., Tripodis, N., Depew, M., Chandrasekara, R., Duncan, G., Sharpe, P., ... Arkell, R. (2005). Dissecting the genetic complexity of human 6p deletion syndromes by using a region-specific, phenotype-driven mouse screen. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America.