The cellular responses of plants to numerous extracellular stimuli are mediated by transient elevations in the concentration of cytosolic free calcium ([Ca2+](cyt)). We have addressed the question of how cells can use this apparently ubiquitous system to initiate so many specific and appropriate end responses. We show that the pollutant gas ozone elicits a biphasic Ca2+ response in intact Arabidopsis plants and a subsequent increase in expression of the gene encoding the antioxidant defence enzyme glutathione-S-transferase (GST). The second of the two [Ca2+](cyt) peaks, but not the first, could be eliminated either by pre-treatment of plants with lanthanum chloride, or by reducing the duration of ozone fumigation. Under these conditions, ozone-induced GST expression was abolished. These data provide a functional dissection of the ozone Ca2+ signalling pathway and indicate that the second ozone-induced [Ca2+](cyt) peak provides the necessary information to direct expression of GST.
|Number of pages||5|
|Publication status||Published - Mar 1999|