Dissociation between blood pressure and heart rate response to hypoxia after bilateral carotid body removal in men with systolic heart failure

Piotr Niewinski, Dariusz Janczak, Artur Rucinski, Stanislaw Tubek, Zoar J Engelman, Przemyslaw Jazwiec, Waldemar Banasiak, Paul A Sobotka, Emma C J Hart, Julian F R Paton, Piotr Ponikowski

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle (Academic Journal)

31 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

While the ventilatory response to hypoxia is known to be mediated by the carotid bodies, the origin of the haemodynamic alterations evoked by hypoxia is less certain. Bilateral carotid body removal (CBR) performed to treat congestive heart failure may serve as a model to improve our understanding of haemodynamic responses to hypoxia in humans. We studied six congestive heart failure patients before and 1 month after CBR [median (interquartile range): age, 58.5 (56-61) years old; and ejection fraction, 32 (25-34)%]. Peripheral chemosensitivity (hypoxic ventilatory response) was equated to the slope relating lowest oxygen saturation to highest minute ventilation following exposures to hypoxia. Likewise, systolic blood pressure (SBP), diastolic blood pressure (DBP) and heart rate (HR) slopes were calculated as slopes relating the lowest oxygen saturations to the highest SBP, DBP and HR responses. We found that CBR reduces the hypoxic ventilatory response (91%, P < 0.05), SBP (71%, P < 0.05) and DBP slopes (59%, P = 0.07). In contrast, the HR slope remained unchanged. The dissociation between the blood pressure and HR responses after CBR shows involvement of a different chemoreceptive site(s) maintaining the response to acute hypoxia. We conclude that carotid bodies are responsible for ventilatory and blood pressure responses, while the HR response might be mediated by the aortic bodies. The significant reduction of the blood pressure response to hypoxia after CBR suggests a decrease in sympathetic tone, which is of particular clinical relevance in congestive heart failure.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)552-61
Number of pages10
JournalExperimental Physiology
Volume99
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Mar 2014

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Dissociation between blood pressure and heart rate response to hypoxia after bilateral carotid body removal in men with systolic heart failure'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this