Distributional considerations in economic responses to antimicrobial resistance

Joanna Coast, Richard D Smith

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle (Academic Journal)peer-review

2 Citations (Scopus)
232 Downloads (Pure)

Abstract

Antimicrobial resistance is a major and increasing problem globally. Economics has engaged with this issue increasingly over the last 20 years. Much of this concerns assessments of the cost of various forms of resistance, but it also includes economic analyses of interventions and policies designed to contain resistance. Analysis has, however, thus far largely neglected possible distributional issues associated with such interventions and analysis. The article explores three normative bases for the conduct of economic analysis: welfarism; extra-welfarism focused on health gain; and extra-welfarism focused on capability assessment. It then considers issues intrinsic to antimicrobial resistance in terms of the distributional implications and how these might be handled within economic analyses from each of the normative perspectives, before considering the actual focus of empirical studies on these distributional issues. The article concludes that the different normative starting points for economic analysis will affect how distributional issues are incorporated into analysis, but suggests that all analyses could benefit from greater discussion of these issues.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)225-237
JournalPublic Health Ethics
Volume8
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 15 Apr 2015

Structured keywords

  • ConDuCT-II

Keywords

  • Antimicrobial resistance
  • economic evaluation
  • distributional issues
  • free-riding
  • time preference

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