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Diversity in rhynchocephalian Clevosaurus skulls based on CT reconstruction of two Late Triassic species from Great Britain

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)41-64
Number of pages24
JournalActa Palaeontologica Polonica
Issue number1
Early online date20 Feb 2019
DateAccepted/In press - 6 Jan 2019
DateE-pub ahead of print (current) - 20 Feb 2019


Clevosaurus was an early sphenodontian, known from many specimens and species from the Late Triassic and Early Jurassic. Here we describe and compare the cranial morphology of Clevosaurus hudsoni, the type species, and Clevosaurus cambrica, both from the UK, based on digital reconstructions from segmented CT scan data of two skulls. C. hudsoni has been described in some detail, but the CT data reveal new information on cranial anatomy, and C. cambrica is a newly described species for which the CT scans enable us to identify many previously undescribed bones, re-identify bones whose identity had previously been uncertain, and refine certain cranial elements. The near complete preservation of the left side of the skull of C. cambrica, and the preservation of much of the left side of the skull of C. hudsoni, provided us with the opportunity to fully reconstruct both species’ skulls in three dimensions. For the first time, coronoid bones are identified in Clevosaurus species from the British Isles. These two species show the diversity of morphology in the genus Clevosaurus. We provide evidence for two morphotypes of C. hudsoni based on study of the dentary dentition of the syntypes and other attributed specimens.

    Research areas

  • 3D skull reconstruction, Anatomical description, Clevosaurus, CT scanning, Lepidosauria, Rhynchocephalia, Triassic, UK



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    Licence: CC BY


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