DNA Methylome Marks of Exposure to Particulate Matter at Three Time Points in Early Life

Michelle Plusquin, Marc Chadeau-Hyam, Akram Ghantous, Rossella Alfano, Mariona Bustamante, Leda Chatzi, Cyrille Cuenin, John Gulliver, Zdenko Herceg, Manolis Kogevinas, Tim S. Nawrot, Costanza Pizzi, Daniela Porta, Caroline L. Relton, Lorenzo Richiardi, Oliver Robinson, Jordi Sunyer, Roel Vermeulen, Annette Vriens, Martine VrijheidJohn Henderson, Paolo Vineis*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle (Academic Journal)peer-review

21 Citations (Scopus)
137 Downloads (Pure)


Maternal exposure to airborne particulate matter (PM) has been associated with restricted fetal growth and reduced birthweight. Here, we performed methylome-wide analyses of cord and children's blood DNA in relation to residential exposure to PM smaller than 10 μm (PM10). This study included participants of the Avon Longitudinal Study of Pregnancy and Childhood (ALSPAC, cord blood, n = 780; blood at age 7, n = 757 and age 15-17, n = 850) and the EXPOsOMICS birth cohort consortium including cord blood from ENVIRONAGE (n = 197), INMA (n = 84), Piccolipiù (n = 99) and Rhea (n = 75). We could not identify significant CpG sites, by meta-analyzing associations between maternal PM10 exposure during pregnancy and DNA methylation in cord blood, nor by studying DNA methylation and concordant annual exposure at 7 and 15-17 years. The CpG cg21785536 was inversely associated with PM10 exposure using a longitudinal model integrating the three studied age groups (-1.2% per 10 μg/m3; raw p-value = 3.82 × 10-8). Pathway analyses on the corresponding genes of the 100 strongest associated CpG sites of the longitudinal model revealed enriched pathways relating to the GABAergic synapse, p53 signaling and NOTCH1. We provided evidence that residential PM10 exposure in early life affects methylation of the CpG cg21785536 located on the EGF Domain Specific O-Linked N-Acetylglucosamine Transferase gene.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)5427-5437
Number of pages11
JournalEnvironmental Science and Technology
Issue number9
Early online date30 Mar 2018
Publication statusPublished - 1 May 2018


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