Do drugs that block transforming growth factor beta reduce posthaemorrhagic ventricular dilatation in a neonatal rat model?

K Aquilina, CE Hobbs, AM Tucker, A Whitelaw, M Thoresen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle (Academic Journal)peer-review

19 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Aim: Posthaemorrhagic ventricular dilatation (PHVD) after intraventricular haemorrhage (IVH) remains a significant problem in preterm infants. No treatment has reduced the need for cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) diversion. Considerable evidence implicates transforming growth factor-β (TGF-β) in the pathogenesis of PHVD. Pirfenidone and losartan reduce TGF-β expression and decrease postinflammatory fibrosis in the lungs, kidneys, heart and liver. They have excellent CSF and brain penetration. We hypothesized that administration of pirfenidone or losartan would reduce ventricular dilatation. Methods: Ninety-two rat pups underwent intraventricular blood injection on postnatal days (PN) 7 and 8, and were randomised to pirfenidone, losartan or water by gavage for 14 days. Neuromotor testing was carried out twice weekly. After sacrifice at PN21, ventricular area was measured on coronal sections using image-analysis software. Results: Ninety-five percent of animals undergoing IVH developed PHVD. Ventricular size was not significantly different between animals receiving either drug or water. Neuromotor testing at PN14 was significantly worse in IVH animals than in controls; neither drug improved performance in IVH animals. Conclusion: Drugs that block TGF-β do not reduce ventricular dilatation in this model. Further study is required to identify other cytokine targets and to determine how PHVD differs from postinflammatory fibrosis in other organs.
Translated title of the contributionDo drugs that block transforming growth factor beta reduce posthaemorrhagic ventricular dilatation in a neonatal rat model?
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1181 - 1186
Number of pages6
JournalActa Paediatrica
Volume97 (9)
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Sep 2008

Bibliographical note

Publisher: WileyBlackwell

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