Does breastfeeding influence risk of type 2 diabetes in later life? A quantitative analysis of published evidence

CG Owen, RM Martin, PH Whincup, G Davey Smith, DG Cook

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle (Academic Journal)

294 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

BACKGROUND: Observational evidence suggests that having been breastfed in infancy may reduce the prevalence of type 2 diabetes in later life. OBJECTIVE: The objective was to examine the influence of initial breastfeeding on type 2 diabetes and blood glucose and insulin concentrations. DESIGN: A systematic review of published studies identified 1010 reports; 23 examined the relation between infant feeding and type 2 diabetes in later life or risk factors for diabetes. Risk factors in infants were examined separately from those in children and adults. All estimates were pooled by using fixed-effect models; differences
Translated title of the contributionDoes breastfeeding influence risk of type 2 diabetes in later life? A quantitative analysis of published evidence
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1043 - 1054
Number of pages11
JournalAmerican Journal of Clinical Nutrition
Volume84(5)
Publication statusPublished - Nov 2006

Bibliographical note

Publisher: American Society for Nutrition

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