Objective: To determine whether differences in short-term virologic failure among
commonly used antiretroviral therapy (ART) regimens translate to differences in clinical
events in antiretroviral-naı¨ve patients initiating ART.
Design: Observational cohort study of patients initiating ART between January 2000
and December 2005.
Setting: The Antiretroviral Therapy Cohort Collaboration (ART-CC) is a collaboration of
15 HIV cohort studies from Canada, Europe, and the United States.
Study participants: A total of 13 546 antiretroviral-naı¨ve HIV-positive patients initiating
ART with efavirenz, nevirapine, lopinavir/ritonavir, nelfinavir, or abacavir as third
drugs in combination with a zidovudine and lamivudine nucleoside reverse transcriptase
Main outcome measures: Short-term (24-week) virologic failure (>500 copies/ml) and
clinical events within 2 years of ART initiation (incident AIDS-defining event, death, and
a composite measure of these two outcomes).
Results: Compared with efavirenz as initial third drug, short-term virologic failure was
more common with all other third drugs evaluated; nevirapine (adjusted odds
ratio¼1.87, 95% confidence interval (CI)¼1.58–2.22), lopinavir/ritonavir (1.32,
95% CI¼1.12–1.57), nelfinavir (3.20, 95% CI¼2.74–3.74), and abacavir (2.13,
95% CI¼1.82–2.50). However, the rate of clinical events within 2 years of ART
initiation appeared higher only with nevirapine (adjusted hazard ratio for composite
outcome measure 1.27, 95% CI¼1.04–1.56) and abacavir (1.22, 95% CI¼1.00–
Conclusion: Among antiretroviral-naı¨ve patients initiating therapy, between-ART regimen,
differences in short-term virologic failure do not necessarily translate to differences
in clinical outcomes. Our results should be interpreted with caution because of
the possibility of residual confounding by indication.
|Translated title of the contribution||Does short-term virologic failure translate to clinical events in antiretroviral-naïve patients initiating antiretroviral therapy in clinical practice?|
|Pages (from-to)||2481 - 2492|
|Number of pages||12|
|Publication status||Published - Nov 2008|
Other identifier: PMID: 19005271