Down-regulation of chemokine Ccl5 gene expression in the NTS of SHR may be pro-hypertensive

S S Gouraud, H Waki, M E R Bhuiyan, M Takagishi, H E Cui, A Kohsaka, JFR Paton, M Maeda

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle (Academic Journal)peer-review

25 Citations (Scopus)


OBJECTIVES: Recent studies have demonstrated that pro-inflammatory molecules such as junctional adhesion molecules-1 are highly expressed in the nucleus tractus solitarii (NTS) of the spontaneously hypertensive rat (SHR), compared to normotensive rats (Wistar-Kyoto rats: WKY), suggesting that the NTS of SHR may exhibit an abnormal inflammatory state. In the present study, we tested whether gene expression of inflammatory markers such as cytokines and chemokines is altered in the NTS of SHR and whether this contributes to the hypertensive phenotype in the SHR. METHODS: We have performed RT Profiler PCR arrays in the NTS of SHR and WKY, which were designed to specifically target major cytokines/chemokines and their receptors. To validate PCR array results quantitative RT-PCR was performed. Microinjection studies using anesthetized rats were also carried out to examine whether validated inflammatory molecules exhibit functional roles on cardiovascular regulation at the level of the NTS. RESULTS: Five inter-related transcripts were identified to be differentially expressed between the NTS of SHR and WKY. They include chemokine (C-C motif) ligand 5 (Ccl5), and its receptors, chemokine (C-C motif) receptor 1 and 3. All of them were down-regulated in the NTS of SHR compared to WKY. Moreover, we found that the protein Ccl5 microinjected into the NTS significantly decreased baseline arterial pressure and that the response was greater in the SHR compared to the WKY (-33.2±3.2 vs. -8.8±1.6 mmHg, P
Translated title of the contributionDown-regulation of chemokine Ccl5 gene expression in the NTS of SHR may be pro-hypertensive
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)732 - 740
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Hypertension
Publication statusPublished - Apr 2011

Bibliographical note

Publisher: Phil Daly


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