Projects per year
Method: At age 17, participants (n= 3,957; 56% female) reported their alcohol and drug use, internalising symptoms, and use of alcohol to cope with a range of emotions. Socio-demographic data were collected via maternal report. Latent class analysis identified drinker subtypes based on the coping motives reported. Association between these profiles and socio-demographic characteristics and internalising disorders was examined.
Results: The vast majority (92%) of adolescents reported alcohol consumption in the past year, and 26% of those drank weekly or more often. Four distinct motive profiles were identified. These profiles were associated with different socio-demographic characteristics: adolescents from higher socio-economic backgrounds drank primarily for increased confidence, whereas adolescents from low socio-economic backgrounds were more likely to drink to cope with low mood. Adolescents with an anxiety or depressive disorder were six times more likely to fall within the high-risk subtype, characterised by a generalised pattern of drinking to cope with emotions across the board.
Conclusions: Coping motives for drinking vary with individual and family factors. Adolescents from low versus high socio-economic backgrounds were characterized by distinct drinking profiles; thus prevention messages may need to be tailored accordingly. Internalising disorders were strongly associated with a high-risk profile of coping-motivated drinking.
- drinking motives
- drinking to cope
1/06/15 → 31/05/20
1/05/09 → 1/04/13