Dynamic properties of high structural integrity auxetic open cell foam

FL Scarpa, LG Ciffo, JR Yates

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle (Academic Journal)peer-review

324 Citations (Scopus)


This paper illustrates various dynamic characteristics of open cell compliant polyurethane foam with auxetic (negative Poisson's ratio) behaviour. The foam is obtained from off-the-shelf open cell polyurethane grey foam with a manufacturing process based on mechanical deformation on a mould in a temperature-controlled oven. The Poisson's ratio is measured with an image processing technique based on edge detection with wavelet methods. Foam samples have been tested in a viscoelastic analyser tensile test machine to determine the Young's modulus and loss factor for small dynamic strains. The same samples have also been tested in an acoustic impedance tube to measure acoustic absorption and specific acoustic resistance and reactance with a transmissibility technique. Another set of tests has been set up on a cam plastometer machine for constant strain rate dynamic crushing analysis. All the tests have been carried out on auxetic and normal foam samples to provide a comparison between the two types of cellular solids. The results from the experimental tests are discussed and interpreted using microstructure models for cellular materials existing in the literature. The negative Poisson's ratio foam presented in this paper shows an overall superiority regarding damping and acoustic properties compared to the original conventional foam. Its dynamic crushing performance is also significantly superior to the normal foam, suggesting a possible use in structural integrity compliant elements.
Translated title of the contributionDynamic properties of high structural integrity auxetic open cell foam
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)49 - 56
Number of pages8
JournalSmart Materials and Structures
Volume13 (1)
Publication statusPublished - Feb 2004

Bibliographical note

Publisher: Institute of Physics


Dive into the research topics of 'Dynamic properties of high structural integrity auxetic open cell foam'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this