Dynamics Beyond Dynamic Jam: Unfolding the Painleve Paradox Singularity

Arne B. Nordmark, Peter Varkonyi, Alan Champneys

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle (Academic Journal)peer-review

8 Citations (Scopus)
230 Downloads (Pure)


This paper analyzes in detail the dynamics in a neighbourhood of a Genot-Brogliato point, colloquially termed the G-spot, which physically represents so-called dynamic jam in rigid body mechanics with unilateral contact and Coulomb friction. Such singular points arise in planar rigid body problems with slipping point contacts at the intersection between the conditions for onset of lift-o and for the Painleve paradox. The G-spot can be approached in nite time by an open set of initial conditions in a general class of problems. The key question addressed is what happens next. In principle trajectories could, at least instantaneously, lift o, continue in slip, or undergo a so-called impact without collision. Such impacts are non-local in momentum space and depend on properties evaluated away from the G-spot. The answer is obtained via an analysis that involves a consistent contact regularisation with a stiness proportional to 1="2 for some ". Taking a singular limit as " ! 0, one nds an inner and an outer asymptotic zone in the neighbourhood of the G-spot. Matched asymptotic analysis then enables continuation from the G-spot in the limit " ! 0 and also reveals the sensitivity of trajectories to ". The solution involves large-time asymptotics of certain generalised hypergeometric functions, which leads to conditions for the existence of a distinguished smoothest trajectory that remains uniformly bounded in t and ". Such a solution corresponds to a canard that connects stable slipping motion to unstable slipping motion, through the G-spot. Perturbations to the distinguished
trajectory are then studied asymptotically. Two distinct cases are found according to whether the contact force becomes innite or remains nite as the G-spot is approached. In the former case it is argued that there can be no such canards and so an impact without collision must occur. In the latter case, the canard trajectory acts as a dividing surface between trajectories that momentarily lift o and those that do not before taking the impact. The orientation of the initial condition set leading to each eventuality is shown to change each time a certain positive parameter passes through an integer. Finally, the results are illustrated on a particular physical example, namely the frictional impact oscillator rst studied by Leine et al.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1267-1309
Number of pages43
JournalSIAM Journal on Applied Dynamical Systems
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 24 Apr 2018

Structured keywords

  • Engineering Mathematics Research Group


  • friction
  • impact
  • painleve paradox
  • singularity
  • asymptotics
  • contact mechanics


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