Dysregulation of mesenchymal stromal cell antioxidant responses in progressive multiple sclerosis

Juliana Redondo, Pamela Sarkar, Kevin Kemp, Kate Heesom, Alastair Wilkins, Neil Scolding, Claire Rice

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle (Academic Journal)

8 Citations (Scopus)
267 Downloads (Pure)

Abstract

The potential of autologous cell-based therapies including those employing multipotent mesenchymal stromal cells (MSC) is being investigated for multiple sclerosis (MS) and other neurological conditions. However, the phenotype of MSC in neurological diseases has not been fully characterised. We have previously shown that MSCs isolated from patients with progressive MS (MS-MSC) have reduced expansion potential, premature senescence and reduced neuroprotective potential in vitro. In view of the role of antioxidants in ageing and neuroprotection, we examined the antioxidant capacity of MS-MSC demonstrating that MSMSCs secretion of antioxidants superoxide dismutase 1 (SOD1) and glutathione S-transferase P (GSTP) is reduced and correlates negatively with the duration of progressive phase of MS. We confirmed reduced expression of SOD1 and GSTP by MS-MSC along with reduced activity of SOD and GST and, to examine the antioxidant capacity of MS-MSC under conditions of nitrosative stress, we established an in vitro cell survival assay employing nitric oxide (NO)-induced cell death. MS-MSC displayed differential susceptibility to nitrosative stress with accelerated senescence and greater decline in expression of SOD1 and GSTP in keeping with reduced expression of master regulators of antioxidant responses nuclear factor erythroid 2-related factor 2 (Nrf2) and peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor gamma coactivator 1-alpha (PGC1α).
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)748-758
Number of pages11
JournalStem Cells Translational Medicine
Volume7
Issue number10
Early online date31 Jul 2018
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Oct 2018

Keywords

  • MSC
  • antioxidants
  • multiple sclerosis
  • nitrosative stress
  • cell therapy

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