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Earliest direct evidence of plant processing in prehistoric Saharan pottery

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Earliest direct evidence of plant processing in prehistoric Saharan pottery. / Dunne, Julie; Mercuri, Anna Maria; Evershed, Richard P.; Bruni, Silvia; Di Lernia, Savino.

In: Nature Plants, Vol. 3, 16194, 19.12.2016.

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Dunne, Julie ; Mercuri, Anna Maria ; Evershed, Richard P. ; Bruni, Silvia ; Di Lernia, Savino. / Earliest direct evidence of plant processing in prehistoric Saharan pottery. In: Nature Plants. 2016 ; Vol. 3.

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@article{389c50e12ef5441c9042c306804c6d25,
title = "Earliest direct evidence of plant processing in prehistoric Saharan pottery",
abstract = "The invention of thermally resistant ceramic cooking vessels around 15,000 years ago was a major advance in human diet and nutrition, opening up new food groups and preparation techniques. Previous investigations of lipid biomarkers contained in food residues have routinely demonstrated the importance of prehistoric cooking pots for the processing of animal products across the world. Remarkably, however, direct evidence for plant processing in prehistoric pottery has not been forthcoming, despite the potential to cook otherwise unpalatable or even toxic plants. In north Africa, archaeobotanical evidence of charred and desiccated plant organs denotes Early Holocene hunter gatherers routinely exploited a wide range of plant resources. Here, we reveal the earliest direct evidence for plant processing in pottery globally, from the sites of Takarkori and Uan Afuda in the Libyan Sahara, dated to 8200-6400 calBC. Characteristic carbon number distributions and δ13C values for plant wax-derived n-alkanes and alkanoic acids indicate sustained and systematic processing of C3/C4 grasses and aquatic plants, gathered from the savannahs and lakes in the Early to Middle Holocene green Sahara.",
author = "Julie Dunne and Mercuri, {Anna Maria} and Evershed, {Richard P.} and Silvia Bruni and {Di Lernia}, Savino",
year = "2016",
month = "12",
day = "19",
doi = "10.1038/nplants.2016.194",
language = "English",
volume = "3",
journal = "Nature Plants",
issn = "2055-026X",
publisher = "Springer Nature",

}

RIS - suitable for import to EndNote

TY - JOUR

T1 - Earliest direct evidence of plant processing in prehistoric Saharan pottery

AU - Dunne, Julie

AU - Mercuri, Anna Maria

AU - Evershed, Richard P.

AU - Bruni, Silvia

AU - Di Lernia, Savino

PY - 2016/12/19

Y1 - 2016/12/19

N2 - The invention of thermally resistant ceramic cooking vessels around 15,000 years ago was a major advance in human diet and nutrition, opening up new food groups and preparation techniques. Previous investigations of lipid biomarkers contained in food residues have routinely demonstrated the importance of prehistoric cooking pots for the processing of animal products across the world. Remarkably, however, direct evidence for plant processing in prehistoric pottery has not been forthcoming, despite the potential to cook otherwise unpalatable or even toxic plants. In north Africa, archaeobotanical evidence of charred and desiccated plant organs denotes Early Holocene hunter gatherers routinely exploited a wide range of plant resources. Here, we reveal the earliest direct evidence for plant processing in pottery globally, from the sites of Takarkori and Uan Afuda in the Libyan Sahara, dated to 8200-6400 calBC. Characteristic carbon number distributions and δ13C values for plant wax-derived n-alkanes and alkanoic acids indicate sustained and systematic processing of C3/C4 grasses and aquatic plants, gathered from the savannahs and lakes in the Early to Middle Holocene green Sahara.

AB - The invention of thermally resistant ceramic cooking vessels around 15,000 years ago was a major advance in human diet and nutrition, opening up new food groups and preparation techniques. Previous investigations of lipid biomarkers contained in food residues have routinely demonstrated the importance of prehistoric cooking pots for the processing of animal products across the world. Remarkably, however, direct evidence for plant processing in prehistoric pottery has not been forthcoming, despite the potential to cook otherwise unpalatable or even toxic plants. In north Africa, archaeobotanical evidence of charred and desiccated plant organs denotes Early Holocene hunter gatherers routinely exploited a wide range of plant resources. Here, we reveal the earliest direct evidence for plant processing in pottery globally, from the sites of Takarkori and Uan Afuda in the Libyan Sahara, dated to 8200-6400 calBC. Characteristic carbon number distributions and δ13C values for plant wax-derived n-alkanes and alkanoic acids indicate sustained and systematic processing of C3/C4 grasses and aquatic plants, gathered from the savannahs and lakes in the Early to Middle Holocene green Sahara.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85006717255&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1038/nplants.2016.194

DO - 10.1038/nplants.2016.194

M3 - Article

C2 - 27991880

AN - SCOPUS:85006717255

VL - 3

JO - Nature Plants

JF - Nature Plants

SN - 2055-026X

M1 - 16194

ER -