Heart failure is a cause of pulmonary vasoconstriction and remodelling, leading to pulmonary hypertension (PH) and decreased survival. The pathobiology of PH in heart failure remains incompletely understood. We investigated pulmonary vascular function and signalling molecules in early stage PH secondary to experimental heart failure. Eight beagle dogs with overpacing-induced heart failure underwent haemodynamic assessment and postmortem pulmonary arterial reactivity, morphometry and quantification of genes encoding for factors involved in vascular reactivity and remodelling: endothelin-1 (ET-1), ETA and ETB receptors, vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF), VEGF receptors 1 and 2 (VEGFR1 and VEGFR2), endothelial nitric oxide synthase, angiopoietin-1, bone morphogenetic protein receptors (BMPR1A and BMPR2), serotonin transporter (5-HTT) and the 5-HT(2B) receptor. Overpacing was associated with a decrease in cardiac output and an increase in pulmonary vascular pressures. However, there were no changes in pulmonary vascular resistance or in arteriolar medial thickness. There were increased expressions of genes encoding for ET-1, ETB, VEGF and VEGFR2, while expression of the other genes analysed remained unchanged. In vitro, pulmonary arteries showed decreased relaxation and increased reactivity, while systemic mammary arteries were unaffected. Early PH in heart failure is characterized by altered vasoreactivity and increased ET-1/ETB and VEGF/VEGFR2 signalling.
|Translated title of the contribution||Early increase in pulmonary vascular reactivity with overexpression of endothelin-1 and vascular endothelial growth factor in canine experimental heart failure|
|Pages (from-to)||434 - 442|
|Number of pages||9|
|Publication status||Published - Mar 2008|