Echinococcus and Taenia spp. from captive mammals in the United Kingdom

B. Boufana*, M. F. Stidworthy, S. Bell, J. Chantrey, Nathan Masters, S. Unwin, R. Wood, R. P. Lawrence, A. Potter, J. McGarry, S. Redrobe, Rowena S Killick, A. P. Foster, S. Mitchell, A. G. Greenwood, Y. Sako, M. Nakao, A. Ito, K. Wyatt, B. LordP. S. Craig

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle (Academic Journal)peer-review

41 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Taeniid tapeworms which include Echinococcus and Taenia spp. are obligatory parasites of mammals with pathogenicity usually related to the larval stages of the life cycle. Two species (or genotypes) of Echinococcus. E. granulosus sensu stricto and E. equinus, as well as several Taenia spp. are endemic in the UK. Here we report on the occurrence of larval cystic stages of Echinococcus and Taenia spp. in captive mammals in the UK. Using molecular techniques we have identified E. granulosus (Cl genotype) in a guenon monkey and a Philippine spotted deer; E. equinus in a zebra and a lemur; E. ortleppi in a Philippine spotted deer; E. multilocularis in a macaque monkey and Taenia polyacantha in jumping rats. To the best of our knowledge this is the first report of E. muitilocularis in a captive primate translocated to the UK. As far as we know these are the first reports of E. equinus in a primate (lemur) and in a zebra; as well as E. granulosus (Cl genotype) and E. ortleppi in a cervid translocated to the UK. These infections and implications of the potential establishment of exotic species of cestodes are discussed. (C) 2012 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)95-103
Number of pages9
JournalVeterinary Parasitology
Volume190
Issue number1-2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 23 Nov 2012

Keywords

  • United Kingdom
  • Echinococcus spp.
  • Captive mammals
  • Cestode diagnostics
  • Taenia polyacantha
  • MONKEY MACACA-MULATTA
  • ALVEOLAR ECHINOCOCCOSIS
  • HYDATID-DISEASE
  • GREAT-BRITAIN
  • MID-WALES
  • RHESUS-MONKEY
  • RED FOX
  • SEROLOGICAL EVALUATION
  • CYSTIC ECHINOCOCCOSIS
  • ATTEMPTED INFECTION

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