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Economic conditions at birth and cardiovascular disease risk in adulthood: Evidence from post-1950 cohorts

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle (Academic Journal)

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)77-84
Number of pages8
JournalSocial Science and Medicine
Early online date5 Feb 2019
DateAccepted/In press - 3 Feb 2019
DateE-pub ahead of print - 5 Feb 2019
DatePublished (current) - 1 Mar 2019


Much of the literature that studies long-run effects of early-life economic conditions on health outcomes is based on pre-1940 birth cohorts. Early in these individuals’ lives, public social safety nets were at best rudimentary, and female labor force participation was relatively low. We complement the evidence by studying the effects of regional business cycle variations in the post-1950 Netherlands on cardiovascular disease risk in adulthood. We use data from Lifelines, a large cohort study that covers socio-economic, biological and health information from over 75,000 individuals aged between 20 and 63. Cardiovascular risk index is constructed from an extensive set of biomarkers. The results show that for women a 1 percentage point increase in the provincial unemployment level leads to a 0.02 percentage point increase in the risk of a fatal cardiovascular event in the coming 10 years while the effect in men is not significant. We conclude that women born in adverse economic conditions experience higher cardiovascular risk.

    Structured keywords

  • ECON Applied Economics

    Research areas

  • early-life conditions, developmental origins, recession, health, unemployment, long-run effects, biomarkers, Early-life conditions, Health, Long-run effects, Unemployment, Developmental origins, Biomarkers, Recession

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    Rights statement: This is the author accepted manuscript (AAM). The final published version (version of record) is available online via Elsevier at . Please refer to any applicable terms of use of the publisher.

    Accepted author manuscript, 491 KB, PDF document

    Licence: CC BY-NC-ND


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