Effect of Cardiorespiratory Fitness on Risk of Sudden Cardiac Death in Overweight/Obese Men Aged 42 to 60 Years

Sae Young Jae*, Barry A. Franklin, Sudhir Kurl, Bo Fernhall, Setor K. Kunutsor, Jussi Kauhanen, Jari A. Laukkanen

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle (Academic Journal)peer-review

3 Citations (Scopus)
165 Downloads (Pure)

Abstract

The purpose of this study was to examine the subject and combined associations of cardiorespiratory fitness (fitness) and body mass index (BMI) with the risk of sudden cardiac death (SCD) in middle-aged men. This prospective study was based on a population sample of 2,357 men aged 42 to 60 years, who were followed up in the Kuopio Ischemic Heart Disease cohort study. Fitness was directly measured by peak oxygen uptake (VO2peak) during progressive exercise testing to volitional fatigue. Participants were divided into 4 groups (fit-normal weight, unfit-normal weight, fit-overweight/obese, and unfit-overweight/obese) based on the median values of fitness and BMI. A total of 253 (10.7%) SCDs occurred during an average follow-up of 22 years. After adjusting for potential confounders, the hazard ratio (HR) and 95% confidence interval (CI) for SCD was 1.80 (95% CI 1.21 to 2.68) for BMI ≥30.0 kg/m2 versus normal weight cohort, that is, BMI corresponding to 18.5 to 24.9 kg/m2. However, these associations were no longer statistically significant after adjusting for VO2peak (1.49, 95% CI 0.98 to 2.24). Compared with the lower levels of fitness, upper levels of fitness had a 39% lower risk of SCD (HR 0.61, 95% CI 0.40 to 0.92) after adjusting for potential confounders, including BMI. In the combined associations of fitness and BMI with the risk of SCD, unfit-overweight/obese men had 1.80 times (95% CI 1.06 to 3.06) increased risk of SCD, but fit-overweight/obese men were not at increased risk of SCD (HR 1.22, 95% CI 0.66 to 2.25) as compared with their fit-normal weight counterparts. In conclusion, both overweight/obesity and fitness were independently associated with the risk of SCD; however, fitness appears to attenuate the risk of SCD in overweight/obese men, suggesting that improving fitness may reduce the risk of SCD in this population.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)775-779
Number of pages5
JournalAmerican Journal of Cardiology
Volume122
Issue number5
Early online date2 Jun 2018
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Sep 2018

Keywords

  • Fitness
  • fatness
  • sudden cardiac death

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