Effect of cavity depth on dentine sensitivity in man

Sitthichai Wanachantararak, Orapin Ajcharanukul, Noppakun Vongsavan, Bruce Matthews

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle (Academic Journal)peer-review

4 Citations (Scopus)



To determine if dentine at the enamel-dentine junction (EDJ) in man is more sensitive to hydrostatic pressure stimuli then deeper dentine.


Cavities (1 mm diam.) were cut at the tips of the buccal and lingual cusps of 8 premolars in 3 subjects (ages: 22–25 years). Both cavities were initially deepened to expose the EDJ then one (the test cavity) was deepened in steps of 0.5 mm to a maximum of 2.0 mm below the EDJ. The cavities were tested at each stage, before and after etching, with 5 s, hydrostatic pressure stimuli between 400 mm above, and 400 mm below atmospheric. The intensity of any pain produced was recorded on a VAS scale and electrodes were placed in both cavities in an attempt to monitor any action potentials evoked in intradental nerves.


In all the teeth, the intensity of the pain produced by a stimulus tended to increase as the cavity was deepened, as did the number of action potentials recorded (in 6 of the 8 teeth). The responses were greater from etched than unetched dentine, and negative pressures evoked greater responses than the corresponding positive pressures.


There was no evidence that dentine close to the EDJ was more sensitive to hydrostatic pressure stimuli than deeper dentine. It may however be more sensitive to mechanical stimuli as it is more compliant.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)120-128
Number of pages9
JournalArchives of Oral Biology
Early online date27 Feb 2016
Publication statusPublished - Jun 2016


  • Pain
  • Enamel-dentine junction


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