Effect of inorganic and organic ligands on the mechanism of cadmium sorption to goethite

CR Collins, KV Ragnarsdottir*, DM Sherman

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle (Academic Journal)peer-review

164 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Extended X-ray Absorption Fine Structure (EXAFS) spectroscopic data for Cd2+ sorbed on goethite in the presence of phosphate, sulphate and humate indicate that cadmium is surrounded by a first shell of similar to 6 +/- 1 O atoms at 2.3 +/- 0.1 Angstrom. A second shell of approximately 2 Fe atoms at 3.8 +/- 0.1 Angstrom is also observed. These interatomic distances suggest that Cd2+ is inner-spherically bound by bidentate double-corner-sharing adsorption on the (110) surface of goethite. In contrast, Cd2+ appears to form a precipitate in the presence: of citrate and oxalate. The enhancement of Cd2+ adsorption in the presence of sulphate and phosphate is solely by electrostatic interaction, implying that the Ligands sorb to sites other than those occupied by Cd2+. No ternary complexes are observed in the presence of these 2 inorganic ligands. Copyright (C) 1999 Elsevier Science Ltd.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2989-3002
Number of pages14
JournalGeochimica et Cosmochimica Acta
Volume63
Issue number19-20
Publication statusPublished - Oct 1999

Keywords

  • OXIDE-SOLUTION INTERFACES
  • SURFACE COMPLEXATION
  • PHOSPHATE ADSORPTION
  • TRACE-METALS
  • HUMIC-ACID
  • MICROCRYSTALLINE GIBBSITE
  • ANION ADSORPTION
  • WATER INTERFACE
  • HYDROUS OXIDES
  • CHEMICAL-MODEL

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