Effect of streptomycin on wall-stress-induced arrhythmias in the working rat heart

AHJ Salmon, JL Mays, GR Dalton, J Vann Jones, AJ Levi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle (Academic Journal)peer-review

41 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

OBJECTIVE: To assess whether streptomycin, an inhibitor of mechano-sensitive cation channels, has an effect on arrhythmias-induced by an increase of ventricular wall stress in the rat heart. METHODS: The isolated working rat heart preparation was used. Arrhythmias were induced by increasing the afterload (i.e., aortic pressure) against which the left ventricle (LV) pumped for 20 s. This led to an increase of LV pressure, stretch of the LV and an increase in LV wall stress. The number of ventricular premature beats induced by each afterload step was compared in the absence and presence of streptomycin, a compound known to block mechano-sensitive cation channels in the heart. RESULTS: Perfusion with 200 microM streptomycin caused a significant reduction in wall-stress-induced arrhythmias. The effect of streptomycin on arrhythmias reached steady-state within 10 min of application. In the presence of streptomycin, arrhythmias elicited by a 40 mmHg afterload increase were reduced to 38% of control. Arrhythmias induced by an 80 mmHg afterload increase were reduced to 61% of control. Complex arrhythmias (ventricular tachycardia) induced by an afterload increase were also reduced in the presence of 200 microM streptomycin. There was no change in inotropic state with streptomycin, as assessed either by cardiac output or by maximum developed LV pressure. Streptomycin 50 microM (a typical therapeutic plasma concentration in patients) had no effect on wall-stress-induced arrhythmias. CONCLUSIONS: The results were inconsistent with streptomycin acting by modulating inositol phosphate production, or altering the level of intracellular calcium or inotropic state. The anti-arrhythmic effect of streptomycin appears more consistent with inhibition of mechano-sensitive cation channels, suggesting that these ion channels might be involved in causing wall-stress-induced arrhythmias.
Translated title of the contributionEffect of streptomycin on wall-stress-induced arrhythmias in the working rat heart
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)493 - 503
JournalCardiovascular Research
Volume34(3)
Publication statusPublished - Jun 1997

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