Introduction Effects of sweet taste on short-term appetite are still being actively researched. This study investigates the proposal that the effects of sweet tastes on appetite may differ as a result of differing habitual experiences of sweetness with or without energy. Methods Effects of sweet tastes on appetite were investigated in habitual high and low consumers of sweet/low-energy beverages. Sweet taste was manipulated in a preload lunch and appetite was subsequently measured using test meal intake and subjective ratings of general and specific appetites. Results The effects of the sweet and nonsweet lunch on short-term appetite differed significantly in high and low consumers of sweet/ low-energy beverages, in subjective ratings of appetite for something sweet [consumer x preload x time interaction F(12,126) = 2.68, P = 0.003] and appetite for something savoury [consumer x preload x time interaction F(12,126) = 3.17, P = 0.001]. Effects in low consumers of sweetness without energy demonstrate close association between taste and energy, whereas effects in high consumers suggest a dissociation between taste and energy in these consumers. Discussion These findings provide a further indication that the short-term control of appetite varies according to the habitual pattern of dietary intake. The long-term experience of sweetness without energy influences appetite for sweet and savoury tastes.
|Translated title of the contribution||Effects of a sweet and non-sweet lunch on short-term appetite: Differences in female high and low consumers of sweet/low-sweet beverages|
|Pages (from-to)||425 - 434|
|Number of pages||10|
|Journal||Journal of Human Nutrition and Dietetics|
|Publication status||Published - Oct 2004|