Effects of acute abstinence and nicotine administration on taste perception in cigarette smokers

EL Mullings, LF Donaldson, JK Melichar, MR Munafo

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle (Academic Journal)peer-review

10 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

We investigated the effects of short-term abstinence from smoking and acute nicotine administration on taste perception in smokers. We assessed sensitivity for salt and sucrose solutions and the self-reported intensity and pleasantness of these tastes, using a previously validated model of taste perception. This was in order to investigate mechanisms by which cigarette smoking and smoking cessation may modulate dietary behaviour. Male and female daily smokers attended a single testing session. Participants were randomised to either abstain for smoking for 12 h or smoke as usual on the morning of testing. At the testing session, participants completed subjective ratings of mood and ratings of intensity and pleasantness of salt and sucrose solutions, followed by measurement of the threshold at which these solutions could be detected on the tongue. Participants were then randomised to smoking either a nicotine-containing or denicotinised cigarette, after which they completed the same measures as previously. Our data suggest that following cigarette smoking, lower taste thresholds are obtained after smoking a denicotinised cigarette compared with a nicotinised cigarette, but among females only. This effect was not observed among males and did not differ as a function of abstinence condition. In addition, among non-abstinent smokers, females demonstrated higher taste thresholds (i.e. reduced sensitivity) for salt than males, but this sex difference was not observed among abstinent smokers.
Translated title of the contributionEffects of acute abstinence and nicotine administration on taste perception in cigarette smokers
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1 - 7
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Psychopharmacology
Volume24
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Oct 2010

Bibliographical note

Other: First published online on May 7th 2009

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Effects of acute abstinence and nicotine administration on taste perception in cigarette smokers'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this