OBJECTIVE: Off-pump coronary artery bypass grafting reduces postoperative morbidity and uses fewer resources than conventional surgical intervention with cardiopulmonary bypass. However, only 15% to 20% of coronary artery bypass grafting operations use off-pump coronary artery bypass. One reason for not using off-pump coronary artery bypass might be the surgeon's concern about the long-term patency of grafts performed with this technique. Therefore our objective was to compare long-term outcomes in patients randomized to off-pump coronary artery bypass or coronary artery bypass grafting with cardiopulmonary bypass. METHODS: Participants in 2 randomized trials comparing off-pump coronary artery bypass and coronary artery bypass grafting with cardiopulmonary bypass were followed up for 6 to 8 years after surgical intervention to assess graft patency, major adverse cardiac-related events, and health-related quality of life. Patency was assessed by using multidetector computed tomographic coronary angiographic analysis with a 16-slice scanner. Two blinded observers classified proximal, body, and distal segments of each graft as occluded or not. Major adverse cardiac-related events and health-related quality of life were obtained from questionnaires given to participants and family practitioners. RESULTS: Patency was studied in 199 and health-related quality of life was studied in 299 of 349 survivors. There was no evidence of attrition bias. The likelihood of graft occlusion was no different between off-pump coronary artery bypass (10.6%) and coronary artery bypass grafting with cardiopulmonary bypass (11.0%) groups (odds ratio, 1.00; 95% confidence interval, 0.55-1.81; P > .99). Graft occlusion was more likely at the distal than the proximal anastomosis (odds ratio, 1.11; 95% confidence interval, 1.02-1.20). There were also no differences between the off-pump coronary artery bypass and coronary artery bypass grafting with cardiopulmonary bypass groups in the hazard of death (hazard ratio, 1.24; 95% confidence interval, 0.72-2.15) or major adverse cardiac-related events or death (hazard ratio, 0.84; 95% confidence interval, 0.58-1.24), or mean health-related quality of life across a range of domains and instruments. CONCLUSIONS: Long-term health outcomes with off-pump coronary artery bypass are similar to those with coronary artery bypass grafting with cardiopulmonary bypass when both operations are performed by experienced surgeons.
|Translated title of the contribution||Effects of on- and off-pump coronary artery surgery on graft patency, survival, and health-related quality of life: long-term follow-up of 2 randomized controlled trials|
|Pages (from-to)||295 - 303|
|Number of pages||9|
|Journal||European Journal of Cardio-Thoracic Surgery|
|Publication status||Published - Feb 2009|
Bibliographical notePublisher: Elsevier
- BTC (Bristol Trials Centre)