Effects of orthography on speech production in a form-preparation paradigm

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118 Citations (Scopus)


Four experiments investigated potential influences of spelling on single word speech production. A form-preparation paradigm that showed priming effects for words with initial form overlap was used to investigate whether words with form overlap, but different spelling (e.g., "camel"-"kidney") also show priming. Experiment 1 demonstrated that such words did not benefit from the form overlap, suggesting that the incongruent spelling disrupted the form-preparation effect. Experiment 2 replicated the first experiment with an independent set of items and an improved design, and once again showed a disruptive effect of spelling. To divert participants’ attention from the spelling of the targets, Experiment 3 was conducted entirely in the auditory domain, but yielded the same outcome as before. Experiment 4 showed that matching initial letters alone, in the absence of matching sounds (e.g., "cycle"-"cobra"), did not produce priming. These findings raise the possibility that orthographic codes are mandatorily activated in speech production by literate speakers.
Translated title of the contributionEffects of orthography on speech production in a form-preparation paradigm
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)119 - 132
Number of pages14
JournalJournal of Memory and Language
Volume49 (1)
Publication statusPublished - Jul 2003

Bibliographical note

Publisher: Elsevier


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