Efficiency and Scalability of Dielectric Resonator Antennas at Optical Frequencies

Longfang Zou, W. Withayachumnankul, C. M. Shah, A. Mitchell, Maciej Klemm, M. Bhaskaran, S. Sriram, Christophe Fumeaux

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle (Academic Journal)peer-review

45 Citations (Scopus)


Dielectric resonators have been foreseen as a pathway for the realization of highly efficient nanoantennas and metamaterials at optical frequencies. In this paper, we study the resonant behavior of dielectric nanocylinders located on a metal plane, which in combination create dielectric resonator antennas operating in reflection mode. By implementing appropriate resonator models, the field distributions, the scaling behavior, and the efficiency of dielectric resonator antennas are studied across the spectrum from the microwave toward visible frequency bands. Numerical results confirm that a radiation efficiency above 80% can be retained up to the near-infrared with metal-backed dielectric resonators. This paper establishes fundamental knowledge toward development of high efficiency dielectric resonator antennas and reflection metasurfaces at optical frequencies. These dielectric resonators can be incorporated as basic elements in emerging applications, e.g., flat optical components, quantum dot emitters, and subwavelength sensors.
Original languageEnglish
Article number4600110
JournalIEEE Photonics Journal
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - Aug 2014


  • nanoantennas


Dive into the research topics of 'Efficiency and Scalability of Dielectric Resonator Antennas at Optical Frequencies'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.
  • C-DIP Fellowship Fund

    Morris, K. A.


    Project: Research

Cite this