This paper presents a supply modulated X-band 12-W peak power transmitter that maintains an average efficiency greater than 50% for various shapes of amplitude-modulated pulses. The main power amplifier is a two-stage GaN-on-SiC MMIC with a peak efficiency of 65%, while the pulse envelope modulator is a 95% efficient hybrid 3-b power DAC implemented with GaN-on-Si transistor switches. Envelope shaping of a pulsed waveform results in improved spectral confinement of greater than 15 dB for the first sideband compared with constant-envelope pulses, with over 20 points improvement in total efficiency. The combination of supply modulation and digital predistortion is shown to result in high composite (total) efficiency of over 55%, with simultaneous high dynamic range and with flexible digitally programmable pulse shaping.
|Number of pages||11|
|Journal||IEEE Transactions on Microwave Theory and Techniques|
|Early online date||16 Dec 2016|
|Publication status||Published - 1 Mar 2017|
Bibliographical noteAcceptance date is provisional and based on date of publication.
- envelope tracking (ET)
- power DAC (pDAC)
- radar pulsing
- spectral confinement
- supply modulator