Electroactive textile actuators for wearable and soft robots

Jianglong Guo, Chaoqun Xiang, Tim Helps, Majid Taghavi, Jonathan Rossiter

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference Contribution (Conference Proceeding)

31 Citations (Scopus)


Smart fabrics offer the potential for a new generation of soft robotics, reactive clothing and wearable technologies through the fusion of smart materials, textiles and electrical circuitry. In this work we present a range of smart fabrics and reactive textiles for soft robotics. We investigate conductive stretchable textiles for the fabrication of dielectric elastomer (DE) and electroadhesive (EA) actuators. These include a planar DE actuator, a bending DE actuator, and an EA actuator. The textile DE actuator generated a relative area expansion of 16.4 % under 9 kV while the bending actuator generated a relative expansion of 5 % under 6 kV. The EA actuator generated a shear adhesive force of 0.14 kPa at less than 5 kV. This work shows the feasibility of using conductive fabrics for soft actuation technologies. Conductive textiles have the potential to deliver simple, comfortable, multi-function and wearable soft robotic devices and complete soft robots.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publication2018 IEEE International Conference on Soft Robotics (RoboSoft 2018)
Subtitle of host publicationProceedings of a meeting held 24-28 April 2018, Livorno, Italy
PublisherInstitute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE)
Number of pages5
ISBN (Electronic)9781538645161
ISBN (Print)9781538645178
Publication statusPublished - 2018
Event1st IEEE International Conference on Soft Robotics, RoboSoft 2018 - Livorno, Italy
Duration: 24 Apr 201828 Apr 2018


Conference1st IEEE International Conference on Soft Robotics, RoboSoft 2018

Structured keywords

  • Tactile Action Perception


  • conductive textiles
  • dielectric elastomer actuators
  • electroadhesion
  • soft actuators


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