Electronic Patient Reporting of Adverse Events and Quality of Life: A Prospective Feasibility Study in General Oncology

Fiona Kennedy*, Kate Absolom, Beverly Clayton, Zoe Rogers, Kathryn Gordon, Elaine O'Connell Francischetto, Jane M Blazeby, Julia Brown, Galina Velikova

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle (Academic Journal)

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Abstract

PURPOSE: Adverse event (AE) reporting is essential in clinical trials. Clinician interpretation can result in under-reporting; therefore, the value of patient self-reporting has been recognized. The National Cancer Institute has developed a Patient-Reported Outcomes version of the Common Terminology Criteria for Adverse Events (PRO-CTCAE) for direct patient AE reporting. A nonrandomized prospective cohort feasibility study aimed to explore the compliance and acceptability of an electronic (Internet or telephone) system for collecting patient self-reported AEs and quality of life (QOL).

METHODS: Oncology patients undergoing treatment (chemotherapy, targeted agents, hormone therapy, radiotherapy, and/or surgery) at 2 hospitals were sent automated weekly reminders to complete PRO-CTCAE once a week and QOL (for a maximum of 12 weeks). Patients had to speak/understand English and have access to the Internet or a touch-tone telephone. Primary outcome was compliance (proportion of expected questionnaires), and recruitment rate, attrition, and patient/staff feedback were also explored.

RESULTS: Of 520 patients, 249 consented (47.9%)-mean age was 62 years, 51% were male, and 70% were married-and 230 remained on the study at week 12. PRO-CTCAE was completed at 2,301 (74.9%) of 3,074 timepoints and QOL at 749 (79.1%) of 947 timepoints. Individual weekly/once every 4 weeks compliance reduced over time but was more than 60% throughout. Of 230 patients, 106 (46.1%) completed 13 or more PRO-CTCAE, and 136 (59.1%) of 230 patients completed 4 QOL questionnaires. Most were completed on the Internet (82.3%; mean age, 60.8 years), which was quicker, but older patients preferred the telephone option (mean age, 70.0 years). Positive feedback was received from patients and staff.

CONCLUSION: Self-reporting of AEs and QOL using an electronic home-based system is feasible and acceptable. Implementation of this approach in cancer clinical trials may improve the precision and accuracy of AE reporting.

Original languageEnglish
Article numberOP2000118
Number of pages12
JournalJCO Oncology Practice
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 27 Aug 2020

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    Kennedy, F., Absolom, K., Clayton, B., Rogers, Z., Gordon, K., O'Connell Francischetto, E., Blazeby, J. M., Brown, J., & Velikova, G. (2020). Electronic Patient Reporting of Adverse Events and Quality of Life: A Prospective Feasibility Study in General Oncology. JCO Oncology Practice, [OP2000118]. https://doi.org/10.1200/OP.20.00118