Energy conservation in ice slurry applications

Alban N Leiper, Edward C Hammond, Dominic Ash, Daniel J McBryde, G L Quarini

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle (Academic Journal)peer-review

18 Citations (Scopus)


Significant improvements in coefficient of performance (COP) can be made when the evaporating temperature of a vapour compression cycle is raised. Producing the ice slurries used in cooling applications and ice pigging by crushing blocks of ice made from pure water and mixing the particles with a solution of freezing point depressant (FPD) later enables higher evaporator temperatures than if the solution itself is frozen in a scraped surface ice maker. Predictions of the possible improvements to COP can be made in CoolPack, a refrigeration cycle simulation program, over a range of evaporator temperatures. A series of experiments designed to verify these predictions were carried out where the operating conditions of a scraped surface ice maker were altered by retrofitting compressor speed control to a scraped surface ice maker. Following verification of the CoolPack results, further experiments were conducted that evaluated the energy required for two stage comminution of large ice blocks into fine particles. Two theoretical slurry production systems were then compared: mixing crushed ice with an FPD solution and a scraped surface ice maker with FPD solution feedstock. Although energy conservation was shown with comminution the proposed method introduces a number of challenges that require careful consideration.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1255 - 1262
Number of pages8
JournalApplied Thermal Engineering
Issue number1-2
Publication statusPublished - Mar 2013

Bibliographical note

Continuing focus on ice slurry manufacture to support ice pigging activities. The driver for this is to establish optimised methods which minimise the energy required to produce suitable ice pigging material


  • Ice slurries; Ice pigging; Variable speed capacity control; Coefficient of performance; Comminution; Secondary refrigerants

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