Energy proportional computing in commercial FPGAs with adaptive voltage scaling

Jose Nunez-Yanez*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference Contribution (Conference Proceeding)

8 Citations (Scopus)


Voltage and frequency adaptation can be used to create energy proportional systems in which energy usage adapts to the amount of work to be done in the available time. Closed-loop voltage and frequency scaling can also take into account process and temperature variations in addition to system load and this removes a significant proportion of the margins used by device manufacturers. This paper explores the capabilities of commercial FPGAs to use closed-loop adaptive voltage scaling to improve their energy and performance profiles beyond nominal. An adaptive power architecture based on a modified design flow is created with in-situ detectors and dynamic reconfiguration of clock management resources. The results of deploying AVS in FPGAs shows power and energy savings exceeding 85% compared with nominal voltage operation at the same frequency or 100% better performance at nominal energy. The in-situ detector approach compares favorably with critical path replication based on delay lines since it avoids the need of cumbersome and error-prone delay line calibration.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publication10th FPGAworld Conference - Academic Proceedings 2013, FPGAworld 2013
Publication statusPublished - 24 Oct 2013
Event10th FPGAworld Conference, FPGAworld 2013 - Stockholm, United Kingdom
Duration: 10 Sept 201312 Sept 2013


Conference10th FPGAworld Conference, FPGAworld 2013
Country/TerritoryUnited Kingdom


  • AVS
  • DVFS
  • Energy efficiency
  • FPGA


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