Enhanced ductility and tensile properties of hybrid montmorillonite/cellulose nanowhiskers reinforced polylactic acid nanocomposites

R Arjmandi, A Hassan, SJ Eichhorn, MK Mohamad Haafiz, Z Zakaria, FA Tanjung

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle (Academic Journal)peer-review

67 Citations (Scopus)


© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2015. Montmorillonite (MMT)/cellulose nanowhiskers (CNW) reinforced polylactic acid (PLA) hybrid nanocomposites were prepared by solution casting. CNW were isolated from microcrystalline cellulose using a chemical swelling method. An initial study showed that the optimum MMT content, for mechanical properties, in a PLA/MMT nanocomposite is five parts per hundred parts of polymer (phr). Various amounts of CNW were added to the optimum formulation of PLA/MMT to produce PLA/ MMT/CNW hybrid nanocomposites. FT-IR analysis indicated the formation of some polar interactions, resulting in enhanced tensile properties of the hybrid nanocomposites. The highest tensile strength for the hybrid nanocomposites was obtained for a 1 phr CNW content. Young’s modulus was also found to increase with an increasing CNW content. Interestingly, the strain to failure (or ductility) of the hybrid nanocomposites increased significantly from ~10 to ~90% with the addition of 1 phr CNW. This increase in ductility was proposed to be due to the nucleation of crazes and the formation of shear bands in the PLA.
Original languageUndefined/Unknown
Pages (from-to)3118-3130
Number of pages13
JournalJournal of Materials Science
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2016

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