Enhanced interframe coding based on morphological segmentation

PJ Czerepinski, DR Bull

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle (Academic Journal)peer-review

2 Citations (Scopus)


Morphological segmentation has been proposed as an attractive alternative to transform-based compression for interframe coding of digital video. Being a spatial approach, segmentation based coding eliminates the artefacts commonly associated with transform coding, such as ringing around sharp edges. One disadvantage of this method is that it can introduce spurious edges in the reconstructed video sequence, associated with the boundaries of the transmitted regions. The authors present a statistically derived smoothing algorithm that reduces this problem. In addition, a single-stage entropy coder for the update signal is proposed in place of the conventional two-stage algorithm. Comparisons are made between the performance of a traditional motion compensated DCT coder and segmentation based codecs (with and without smoothing) for CIF sequences at bit rates between 64 and 256 kbps. It is concluded that, at the bit rates under investigation, the segmentation based method yields improved subjective quality of the reconstructed video
Translated title of the contributionEnhanced interframe coding based on morphological segmentation
Original languageEnglish
Article number4
Pages (from-to)220 - 226
JournalIEE Proc Vision, Image and signal processing
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - Aug 1997

Bibliographical note

Rose publication type: Journal article

Sponsorship: The authors wish to thank Sony Broadcast and Professional
Europe, the CVCP and the University of Bristol
for their support of this work.


  • digital video
  • interframe coding
  • morphological segmentation
  • transform coding
  • smoothing algorithm


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