Subwavelength aperture antenna arrays are designed and fabricated for potential applications in fluorescence sensing in the near UV/blue range. They are designed using finite-difference time-domain (FDTD) simulation, fabricated using focused ion beam etching and characterised using angular Fourier spectroscopy. The aperture arrays are formed in the top layer of an aluminum-silica-aluminum trilayer and produce a maximum simulated field intensity enhancement of 5.8 times at 406 nm and highly directive emission with a beamwidth of 8.3 deg. The normal incidence reflection response has been measured and shows reasonable agreement with modelled results. In addition, to investigate higher field intensity enhancements, bowtie aperture arrays are simulated and the influence of parameters such as dielectric gap, position of dipole source, and aperture shape and size are discussed and show enhancements up to 67 times are possible.
- Aperture arrays