Enhancement of the spin Hall angle by quantum confinement

Christian Herschbach*, Martin Gradhand, Dmitry V. Fedorov, Ingrid Mertig

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle (Academic Journal)peer-review

9 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

We present ab initio calculations of the skew-scattering contribution to the spin Hall effect for freestanding fcc Au(111) films. Their thickness is varied between 1 and 32 monolayers, and Pt atoms are considered as substitutional impurities and adatoms. The obtained spin Hall angle drastically changes with varying impurity positions in the film. Impurities in the adatom position play a special role reversing sign of the spin Hall angle. In addition, we show that Pt adatoms on one-monolayer noble metal films cause a gigantic spin Hall angle up to 18%, which is attributed to the lack of interband transitions.

Original languageEnglish
Article number195133
JournalPhysical Review B: Condensed Matter and Materials Physics
Volume85
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2012

Keywords

  • TRANSPORT-PROPERTIES
  • ALLOYS
  • FILMS

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