Entanglement cost of implementing controlled-unitary operations

Akihito Soeda, Peter S. Turner, Mio Murao

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle (Academic Journal)peer-review

17 Citations (Scopus)


We investigate the minimum entanglement cost of the deterministic implementation of two-qubit controlled-unitary operations using local operations and classical communication (LOCC). We show that any such operation can be implemented by a three-turn LOCC protocol, which requires at least 1 ebit of entanglement when the resource is given by a bipartite entangled state with Schmidt number 2. Our result implies that there is a gap between the minimum entanglement cost and the entangling power of controlled-unitary operations. This gap arises due to the requirement of implementing the operations while oblivious to the identity of the inputs.
Original languageEnglish
JournalPhysical Review Letters
Publication statusPublished - 2011

Bibliographical note

5 pages + 13 pages of appendix, comments welcome (published version)


  • quant-ph

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