Entropy and a generalization of Poincare's observation

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4 Citations (Scopus)


Consider a sphere of radius rootn in n dimensions, and consider X, a random variable uniformly distributed on its surface. Poincare's Observation states that for large n, the distribution of the first k coordinates of X is close in total variation distance to the standard normal N(0, I-k). In this paper we consider a larger family of manifolds, and X taking a more general distribution on the surfaces. We establish a bound in the stronger Kullback-Leibler sense of relative entropy, and discuss its sharpness, providing a necessary condition for convergence in this sense. We show how our results imply the equivalence of ensembles for a wider class of test functions than is standard. We also deduce results of de Finetti type, concerning a generalisation of the idea. of orthogonal invariance.
Translated title of the contributionEntropy and a generalization of Poincare's observation
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)375 - 384
Number of pages10
JournalMathematical Proceedings of the Cambridge Philosophical Society
Volume135 (2)
Publication statusPublished - Sep 2003

Bibliographical note

Publisher: Cambridge Univ Press
Other identifier: ISD number 725QC


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