Entrust we must: The role of 'trust' in Somali economic life

Neil Carrier, Hannah Elliott

Research output: Other contribution

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‘Trust’ is a concept that has received much attention in studies of informal
economies which operate in large part outside of formal state regulation. Somali
trade provides a pertinent case. In Somalia, across Somali East Africa and beyond, business has thrived, in spite of – or, some would argue, partially because of – the statelessness of the homeland. Beyond scholarly uses, ‘trust’ is also a concept used by Somalis themselves to explain their entrepreneurial success. This Working Paper asks what the concept of ‘trust’ reveals and conceals about Somali economic life, examining the concept in both its etic and emic uses. It does so drawing on ethnographic fieldwork in Eastleigh, an estate in Nairobi’s Eastlands, whose economy is, in many ways, exemplarily ‘informal’, and driven by Somali enterprise and capital investments. We argue that while the concept of ‘trust’ can help explain the social relations underpinning trade, and in particular the provision of credit, trust is not a prerequisite for acts of trusting in business. Rather, acts of trusting can themselves work to produce trust, even though they do not eliminate deceit and mistrust in the estate. Trust in its emic usage emerges as a normative rather than descriptive discourse that creates a moral impetus for acts of trusting, even as ‘trusters’ may not necessarily fully trust those they do business with. In Eastleigh, an important driver of this discourse is the demand for credit, which itself plays a crucial role in driving the estate’s economy.
Original languageEnglish
TypeWorking Paper
Media of outputOnline
PublisherDanish Institute for International Studies
Number of pages26
Place of PublicationCopenhagen
ISBN (Electronic)9788776059125
Publication statusPublished - 18 Jun 2018

Publication series

NameGOVSEA Paper Series
PublisherDanish Institute for International Studies (DIIS)


  • Migration and development
  • Peace and conflict
  • Fragile states
  • Conflict and economy
  • Kenya
  • Somalia


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