Epidemiology and outcomes of tibial plateau fractures in adults aged 60 and over treated in the United Kingdom

Richard L Donovan*, James Smith, Daniel Yeomans, Fenella Bennett, Paul White, Tim Chesser

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle (Academic Journal)peer-review

10 Citations (Scopus)
83 Downloads (Pure)

Abstract

Background
Tibial plateau fractures are common in older adults, often resulting from low-energy falls. Although lower limb fragility fracture care has evolved, the management of tibial plateau fractures in older patients remains poorly researched. This study aimed to define the epidemiology, treatment and outcomes of tibial plateau fractures in patients aged over 60 years.

Methodology
Patients aged 60 years or older with a tibial plateau fracture who presented to a single trauma centre between January 2008 and December 2018 were identified. Incomplete records were excluded. Epidemiological data, fracture classification, injury management, radiological outcomes, complications, and mortality was assessed via retrospective case note and radiograph review. Local ethics approval was obtained.

Results
Two-hundred and twenty patients with a mean age of 74 years (range 60-100) were included. 73% were female and 71% of injuries were sustained following low-energy falls. Median follow up was three months. 50% of fractures involved the lateral plateau. 60% of injuries were treated non-operatively. 76% of patients had their weight-bearing restricted for the first six weeks, with little difference between operatively and non-operatively managed patients. 8% of all patients required subsequent knee replacement. All-cause mortality at 30-days and one-year were 2% and 5% respectively.

Conclusion
The majority of tibial plateau fractures in the over 60s are sustained from low-energy trauma. Management is relatively conservative when compared with younger cohorts. The data reported brings up questions of whether surgical treatment is beneficial to this patient group, or whether restricted weight bearing is either possible or beneficial. Prospective, multi-centre comparative trials are needed to determine whether increased operative intervention or different rehabilitation strategies purveys any patient benefit.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2219-2225
Number of pages7
JournalInjury
Volume53
Issue number6
Early online date24 Mar 2022
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jun 2022

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2022

Keywords

  • Tibial Fractures
  • Frail Elderly
  • Fragility Fractures
  • Osteoporotic Fractures
  • Epidemiology
  • Orthopedic Trauma
  • Length of Stay

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